Refrigerants are vital for hvac units. Their maintenance should be left in the hands of licensed HVAC professionals. R-22 or freon is a vital part in HVAC systems. This cooling effect has come at the expense of the environment. Freon has been list as substance that causes damage to the ozone layer.In January 2020 the Environmental Protection Agency will remove R-22 from the US market. As more efficient refrigerants are being developed. Here is your complete guide to AC refrigerants.
What is Freon?
Freon is just a brand name for a common refrigerant. Depending where you live in the united states. Prices for refrigerant range from $25 to $175 per pound. Freon is a tasteless and odorless gas. It is detrimental to your health if you are exposed to freon. The way refrigerant work is that that displace warm air from the surrounding. The compressor in your AC unit compresses that warm air into the liquid then released back into gas. This causes the cool air you feel from your AC unit.
Why is R-22 being phased out?
Since the latter quarter of the 20th century, Scientists have found a correlation between refrigerants and the depletion of the ozone layer. R-22 must replaced with R-410a or other environmentally safe refrigerants by December 31, 2029.R-410A or Puron is a less harmful refrigerant than R-22 and is EPA-approved for use in residential ACs. The price of R-410A refrigerant is generally around $6 per pound.
How will this affect current homeowners?
The greatest cost in repairing existing R-22 systems is in the price of R-22 itself. It is simple supply and demand. As r-22 become more scarce, the demand for it will increase and so will freon recharge bills.If you have an unit that uses r-22 , expect to pay more for freon as newer refrigerants are released on the market. Normally if your unit is maintained properly there should be no need for more refrigerant. Newer homes built within the last decade have newer systems that run on r-410a. Homeowners of newer homes will be unaffected by the r-22 phaseout.
What to do if your unit is currently leaking?
Tell tale signs of a refrigerant leak are increased electrical bill, coils inside the unit are frozen, only hot air is coming out and the unit is unable to maintain a constant temperature. A freon leak is a common problem that affects HVAC units. When freon is less than full capacity the AC’s ability to cool becomes compromised. If your HVAC system is in poor condition then you may be better off trying to find a way to afford the cost of replacing the entire system. Older Hvac systems don’t work with newer refrigerants like r-410a . Trying to convert a r-22 unit into a r410a unit is usually not cost effective. Understand if your unit is leaking it is not only costing you money, but also negatively affecting the environment and your family.
Replacing your AC doesn’t have to be a massive nor expensive endeavor. Having a Pride Home Warranty with our HVAC coverage can save you on your next covered repair.
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